Istiqlal Mosque is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia and the third largest Sunni mosque in term of capacity. This national mosque of Indonesia was built to commemorate Indonesian independence and named “Istiqlal”, an Arabic word for “independence”. The original idea for constructing the mosque was came from Mr. KH. Wahid Hasyim (Indonesia Ministry of Religion in the year of 1950) and Mr. Anwar Cokroaminoto. In the year of 1955, contest for the design of the mosque was joined by 30 persons and only around 27 persons was submitted the design. Only 22 persons designs were qualified. After discussed by judges, the winner was 5 persons and from the top 5, the winner was Mr. F. Silaban with the design concept of divinity. The mosque was opened to the public 22 February 1978. Within Jakarta, the mosque is positioned next to Merdeka Square and The Jakarta Cathedral.